What are the most common gynecological cancers?

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A gynecological cancer is any type of cancer that begins in a woman's reproductive organs.

Each gynecological cancer is different, so it has different symptoms, risk factors, and ways to prevent it. As a general rule, when gynecological cancers are found early, treatment is quite effective.

Depending on where it begins, the following types of cancer can be identified:

  • Cervical cancer It begins at the cervix, which is the lower end of the uterus. The area that connects the vagina to the uterus.

Cervical cancer can be prevented in most developed countries thanks to screening tests and the vaccine to prevent human papilloma virus (HPV). When cervical cancer is found early, it is highly treatable and is associated with long survival and a good quality of life.

  • Ovarian cancer It begins in the ovaries, which are located on each side of the uterus. It is the type of cancer of the female reproductive system that causes the most deaths. When found in the early stages, ovarian cancer treatment works best.
  • Uterine cancer it begins in the womb. The most common type of uterine cancer is endometrial cancer. Like all gynecologic cancers, treatment is most effective when the cancer is found in the earliest stages.
  • Vaginal cancer It begins in the vagina, which is the canal between the bottom of the uterus and the outside of the body.
  • Vulvar cancer It begins at the vulva, the outer part of the female genital organs.

Related Reading: What are the most common gynecological cancers?

  • How is cervical cancer detected?
  • How is ovarian cancer detected?

Video: Gynecologic Cancer Awareness: Mayo Clinic Radio


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